NAME



SYNOPSIS

     man2html [-bare] [-belem name] [-botm lines]
              [-cgiurl string] [-cgiurlexp expr] [-compress]
              [-headmap mapfile] [-help] [-k] [-leftm chars]
              [-nodepage] [-noheads] [-pgsize lines] [-seealso]
              [-solaris] [-sun] [-title string] [-topm lines]
              [-uelem name]

     Typical Usage:

     man2html [-options]  < infile   > outfile

     man topic | man2html [-options]  > outfile


DESCRIPTION

     The man2html filter reads formatted nroff text from standard
     (stdout).

     The formatted nroff output is surrounded with <PRE> tags
     with the following exceptions/additions:

         SECTION HEAD MAP FILE section below for additional
         information.  The -noheads option can be used to disable
         this feature.

       o Bold words designated by a "<char><bs><char>" sequences
         are wrapped in <B> tags (or the element specified via
         the -belem option).

       o Underlined words designated by a "_<bs><char>" sequences
         are wrapped in <I> tags (or the element specified via
         the -uelem option).


OPTIONS

     -bare
          from the output.  This is useful when you wish to

     -belem name
          Use name as the name of the element to wrap overstriken
          characters.  The default is B.

     -botm lines
          The lines argument specifies the number of lines
          representing the bottom margin of the formatted nroff

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          input.  The line count includes any running footers.
          The default value is 7.

     -cgiurl string
          The string argument specifies a template URL for creat-
          ing links to other manpages.  See the
          LINKING TO OTHER MANPAGES section below for additional
          information.

     -cgiurlexp expr
          The expr argument specifies a Perl expression evaluting
          to a URL for creating links to other manpages.  See the
          LINKING TO OTHER MANPAGES section below for additional
          information.

     -compress
          Compress consecutive blank lines into a single line.

     -headmap mapfile
          header tags are to be used for various section heading
          in the manpage.  See the SECTION HEAD MAP FILE section
          below for information on the format of the map file.

     -help
          Print out a short usage message and then exit immedi-
          ately.

     -k   Process input resulting from a manpage keyword search
          (man -k).  See the KEYWORD SEARCH section below for
          additional information.

     -leftm chars
          The chars argument specifies the width of the number of
          characters making up the left margin of the formatted
          nroff input.  The default value is 0.

     -nodepage
          By default, man2html merges multi-page formatted nroff
          into a single page.  This option may be used to disable
          depagination, causing running headers and footers in
          the formatted nroff input to be carried over into the

     -noheads
          tags.  See the SECTION HEAD MAP FILE section below for
          additional information.  This option may be specified
          to disabled this feature.

     -pgsize lines
          The lines argument specifies the number of lines making

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          up the page size (length) of the formatted nroff input.
          The default value is 66.

     -seealso
          If the -cgiurl option has been specified, then this
          option restricts the creation of links to other manual
          pages to the SEE ALSO section only.

     -solaris
          If the -k option has been specified, then this option
          modifies its operation to process the alternate manual
          page keyword search format produced by the man(1) util-
          ity on systems running Solaris.  See the KEYWORD SEARCH
          section below for additional information.

     -sun Do not require a section head to have bold overstriking
          in the formatted nroff input.  The option is called sun
          because it was on a Sun workstation that section heads
          in manpages were found to not be overstruck.

     -title string
          put to the specified string.

     -topm lines
          The lines argument specifies number number of lines
          representing the top margin of the formatted nroff
          input.  The line count includes any running headers.
          The default value is 7.

     -uelem name
          Use name as the name of the element to wrap underscored
          characters.  The default is I.


SECTION HEAD MAP FILE

     header tags, <H1> ... <H6>, are used in manpage section
     headings.  Normally, man2html treats lines that are flush to
     the left margin (-leftm), and contain overstriking (over-
     strike check is canceled with the -sun option), as section
     tags are used for any given section head.

     In order to write a section head map file, you will need to
     know about perl(1) associative arrays.  You do not need to
     be an expert in perl to write a map file, however, having
     knowledge of perl allows you to be more clever.

  Augmenting the Default Map
     To add to the default mapping defined by man2html, your map
     file will contain lines with the following syntax:

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     $SectionHead{'<section head text>'} = '<html header tag>';

     where

     <section head text>
          is the text of the manpage section head.  For example:
          SYNOPSIS or DESCRIPTION.

     <html header tag>
          Legal values are:  <H1>, <H2>, <H3>, <H4>, <H5>, <H6>.

  Overriding the Default Map
     To override the default mapping with your own, then your map
     file will have the following syntax:

         %SectionHead = (
                  '<section head text>', '<html header tag>',
                  '<section head text>', '<html header tag>',
                  # ... More section head/tag pairs
                  '<section head text>', '<html header tag>',
         );

  The Default Map
     As of this writing, this is the default map used by
     man2html:

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         %SectionHead = (
             '\S.*OPTIONS.*'             => '<H2>',
             'AUTHORS?'                  => '<H2>',
             'BUGS'                      => '<H2>',
             'COMPATIBILITY'             => '<H2>',
             'DEPENDENCIES'              => '<H2>',
             'DESCRIPTION'               => '<H2>',
             'DIAGNOSTICS'               => '<H2>',
             'ENVIRONMENT'               => '<H2>',
             'ERRORS'                    => '<H2>',
             'EXAMPLES'                  => '<H2>',
             'EXTERNAL INFLUENCES'       => '<H2>',
             'FILES'                     => '<H2>',
             'LIMITATIONS'               => '<H2>',
             'NAME'                      => '<H2>',
             'NOTES?'                    => '<H2>',
             'OPTIONS'                   => '<H2>',
             'REFERENCES'                => '<H2>',
             'RETURN VALUE'              => '<H2>',
             'SECTION.*:'                => '<H2>',
             'SEE ALSO'                  => '<H2>',
             'STANDARDS CONFORMANCE'     => '<H2>',
             'STYLE CONVENTION'          => '<H2>',
             'SYNOPSIS'                  => '<H2>',
             'SYNTAX'                    => '<H2>',
             'WARNINGS'                  => '<H2>',
             '\s+Section.*:'             => '<H3>',
         );
         $HeadFallback = '<H2>';  # Fallback tag if above is not found.

     Check the perl source code of man2html for the latest
     default mapping.

     You can reassign the $HeadFallback variable to a different
     value if you choose.  This value is used as the header tag
     of a section head if no matches are found in the
     %SectionHead map.

  Using Regular Expressions in the Map File
     You may have noticed unusual characters in the default map
     file, like "\s" or "*".  The man2html utility actual treats
     the <section head text> as a perl regular expression.  If
     you are comfortable with perl regular expressions, then you
     have their full power to use in your map file.

     Caution: The man2html utility already anchors the regular
     expression to the beginning of the line with left margin
     spacing specified by the -leftm option.  Therefore, do not
     use the `^' character to anchor your regular expression to
     the beginning.  However, you may end your expression with a
     `$' to anchor it to the end of the line.

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     Since the <section head text> is actually a regular expres-
     sion, you will have to be careful of special characters if
     you want them to be treated literally.  Any of the charac-
     ters `[ ] ( ) . ^ { } $ * ? +  |' should be escaped by pre-
     fixing them by the `\' character if you want perl to treat
     them "as is".

     Caution: One should use single quotes instead of double
     quotes to delimit <section head text>.  This will preserve
     any `\' characters for character escaping or when the `\' is
     used for special perl character matching sequences (e.g.,
     \s, \w, \S).

  Other Tid-bits on the Map File
     Comments can be inserted in the map file by using the '#'
     character.  Anything after, and including, the '#' character
     is ignored, up to the end of line.

     You might be thinking that the above is quite-a-bit-of-stuff
     just for doing manpage section heads.  However, you will be
     tags, even though, everything else is in a <PRE> tag.


LINKING TO OTHER MANPAGES

     The man2html utility allows the ability to link to other
     manpage references.  If the -cgiurl option is specified,
     man2html will create anchors that link to other manpages.

     The URL entered with the -cgiurl option is actually a tem-
     plate that determines the actual URL used to link to other
     manpages.  The following variables are defined during run
     time that may be used in the template string:

         $title
              The title of the manual page referenced.

         $section
              The section number of the manual page referenced.

         $subsection
              The subsection of the manual page referenced.

     Any other text in the template is preserved "as is".

     Caution: The man2html utility evaluates the template string
     as a perl string expression.  Therefore, one might need to
     surround the variable names with '{}' (e.g., ${title}) so
     that man2html properly recognizes the variable.

     Note: If a CGI program calling man2html is actually a shell
     script or a perl program, make sure to properly escape the

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     '$' character in the URL template to avoid variable interpo-
     lation by the CGI program.

     Normally, the URL calls a CGI program (hence the option
     name), but the URL can easily link to statically converted
     documents.

  Example1:
     The following template string is specified to call a CGI
     program to retrieve the appropriate manpage linked to:

     /cgi-bin/man.cgi?section=${section}${subsection}&topic=${title}

     If the ls(1) manpage is referenced in the SEE ALSO section,
     the above template will translate to the following URL:

     /cgi-bin/man.cgi?section=1&topic=ls


     <A HREF="/cgi-bin/man.cgi?section=1&topic=ls">ls(1)</A>

  Example2:
     The following template string is specified to retrieve pre-
     converted manpages:

     http://foo.org/man$section/$title.$section$subsection.html

     If the mount(1M) manpage is referenced, the above template
     will translate to the following URL:

     http://foo.org/man1/mount.1M.html


     <A HREF="http://foo.org/man1/mount.1M.html">mount(1M)</A>

  -cgiurlexp
     The option -cgiurlexp is a more general form of the -cgiurl
     option.  -cgiurlexp allows one to specify a general Perl
     expression.  For example:

     $title=~/^db_/i?"$title.html":"/cgi-bin/man?$title+$section"

     A -cgiurl string can be expressed as follows with -cgiur-
     lexp:

     return "string"


KEYWORD SEARCH

     The man2html utility has the ability to process keyword
     search output generated by the man -k or apropos commands,

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     through the use of the -k option.  The man2html utility will
     the following format:

       o All manpage references are listed by section.

       o Within each section listing, the manpage references are
         sorted alphabetically (case-sensitive) in a <DL> tag.
         The manpage references are listed in the <DT> section,
         and the summary text is listed in the <DD> section.

       o Each manpage reference listed is a hyperlink to the
         actual manpage as specified by the -cgiurl option.

     This ability to process keyword searches gives nice added
     functionality to a WWW forms interface to man(1).  Even if
     pages.

  Processing Keyword Search Results
     Unfortunately, there is no standard controlling the format
     of keyword search results.  The man2html utility tries it
     best to handle all the variations.  However, the keyword
     search results generated by the Solaris operating system is
     different enough from other systems that a special command-
     line option (-solaris) must be specified to handle its out-
     put.

  Example of raw Solaris-type keyword search results:
     strcpy        strcpy (9f)  - copy a string from one location to another.
     strcpy        string (3c)  - string operations
     strncpy       strcpy (9f)  - copy a string from one location to another.
     strncpy       string (3c)  - string operations

     If keyword search results on your systems appear in the fol-
     lowing format:

         <topic>  <actual_manpage> (#) - Description

     then you need to specify the -solaris option in addition to
     the -k option.


ADDITIONAL NOTES

     Different systems format manpages differently.  Here is a
     list of recommended command-line options for certain sys-
     tems:

         Convex:   <defaults should be okay>
         HP:       -leftm 1 -topm 8
         Sun:      -sun (and -solaris when using -k)

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     Some line spacing gets lost in the formatted nroff since the
     spacing would occur in the middle of a page break.  This can
     cause text to be merged that shouldn't be merged when
     man2html depaginates the text.  To avoid this problem,
     man2html keeps track of the margin indent right before and
     after a page break.  If the margin width of the line after
     the page break is less than the line before the page break,

     A manpage cross-reference is detected by the following
     pseudo expression:  [A-z.-+_]+([0-9][A-z]?)

     The man2html utility only recognizes lines with " - " (the
     normal separator between manpage references and summary
     text) while in keyword search mode.

     The man2html utility can be hooked in a CGI script/program
     to convert manpages on the fly.  This is the reason for the
     -cgiurl option.


LIMITATIONS

     The order that section head mapping is searched is not
     defined.  Therefore, if two or more <section head text> can
     match a give manpage section, there is no way to determine
     which map tag is chosen.

     If -seealso is specified, all xrefs are detected after the -
     SEE ALSO heading.  In other words, sections after SEE ALSO
     may contain hyperlinked xrefs.


BUGS

     Text that is flush to the left margin, but is not actually a
     section head, can be mistaken for a section head.  This mis-
     take is more likely when the -sun option is in affect.


VERSION

     This documentation describes man2html version 3.0.1


SEE ALSO

     man(1), nroff(1), perl(1)

     http://www.oac.uci.edu/indiv/ehood/man2html.html


AUTHOR

     Earl Hood
     ehood@medusa.acs.uci.edu


ERRORS AND OMISSIONS

     Troff version of this document initially created for version
     2.1.0 by C. Jeffery Small (jeff@cjsa.com) by copying, refor-
     matting, rearranging and partially rewriting the contents of
     the ascii text file doc/man2html.txt.

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Man(1) output converted with man2html


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